长春轻轨被业内人士普遍认为是典型的轻轨系统，也是今后可以广泛推广的轻轨制式。长春轨道交通轻 轨制式(以下简称轻轨)发展较早，目前已经运营 61.5 km，建设运营经验较为丰富。其中 3 号线是国内首条运营轻 轨线路，已有 17 年历史。随着 3、4、8 号线最终建设完成，里程将达 110 km。2018 年 7 月《国务院办公厅关于 进一步加强城市轨道交通规划建设管理的意见》(国办发〔2018〕52 号)发布，轻轨再次进入许多城市的考虑范围。 长春轻轨各系统的建设及运营经验可以作为重要的经验借鉴和参照标准。针对长春典型轻轨系统，分析其发展历 程、规划建设特点及设计创新与技术特点。秉承“量力而行、有序发展”的原则，长春选择了先轻轨后地铁的双 网融合、主辅结合的建设模式。实践表明，建设之初选择运量较大、投资较低、外形美观大方、节能环保的典型 轻轨系统，符合长春市经济实力及发展需求，有利于规划线网的快速形成。这种发展模式也对与长春经济实力大 体相当的一些大、中城市发展轨道交通具有借鉴意义
Changchun Light Rail Transit is widely accepted by the industry as a typical light rail system, and it is also a light rail transit system that can be widely used in the future. Changchun Light Rail Transit System (referred to as “Light Rail Transit”) is the earliest domestically developed light rail transit system in China. It has already been operated along 61.5 km and is the most extensively used light rail transit system in construction and operation. Line 3 is the first domestic light rail transit line to be operated and has been in use for 17 years. With the final construction of Lines 3, 4, and 8, the mileage will reach 110 km. In July 2018, the Opinions of the general office of the state council on further strengthening the management of urban rail transit planning and construction coded (2018) No. 52 was issued by the State Council, and the use of light rail transit across several cities was once again considered. The construction and operation experience obtained for the Changchun Light Rail Transit system can be applied as an essential experience and reference standard. This paper presents an analysis of its development history, planning and construction characteristics, design innovation, and technical characteristics of the typical light rail transit system in Changchun. In line with the principle of “measuring strength and orderly development,” Changchun chose the construction mode of dual network integration and the main and auxiliary integration of the subway after the development of its first light rail transit. The typical light rail transit system with the large transportation volume, low investment costs, beautiful appearance, energy savings, and environmental protection at the commencement of construction satisfies the economic strength and developmental needs of Changchun City, which is conducive for the rapid formation of the planned network. This developmental model could also serve as a reference for developing urban rail transit in large- and medium-sized cities that are almost equivalent to Changchun’s economic strength.
长春轨道交通 3、4、8 号线