With the rapid development of urban rail transit and the quality improvement of people"s life, environmental vibration and noise problem caused by urban rail transit has attracted more and more attention. It is one of the main problems faced by the subway after its operation. In order to solve the indoor noise problem the subway building next to Zhujianglu Station of Nanjing Metro Line 1, remediation measures were taken in subway line by rail grinding and the replacement of vibration reduction nested fastener. In order to evaluate the remediation effect, comparative tests were conducted on the tunnel wall vibration, indoor vibration and noise before and after the implementation of the measures. The test results show that the vibration and noise level of Zhujianglu Station and surrounding buildings is greatly reduced after the remediation, and the remediation effect is obvious.