Based on the status of urban traffic development, this study evaluated urban rail transit operation performance in Dalian and pointed out the following problems: vicious competition between rail transit and conventional public transit, high ticket prices, lagging new line construction, mismatch between operation lines and city development, low passenger flow in suburban lines, and insufficient land development. Optimization strategies have been proposed in different terms. Dalian should accelerate the transformation of traditional industries and increase urban vitality. In addition, further research on ticket systems and preferential measures should be conducted. Conventional public transit networks might also be optimized, and studies on combining urban transit operators and bus operators should be conducted. Acceleration of new line construction is necessary to improve urban networks, and new lines that are matched with city development should be planned. The supervision and management of land use should be strengthened to encourage high-density development and ensure an appropriate development time.