Aimed at the characteristics of long distance shield tunneling in gravel stratum, the concept of multi-dimensional gradient layout of advanced cutters is proposed. The multi-dimensional layout ensures the stability of cutter head in long-distance excavation, and the gradient layout makes the alloy blocks of advanced cutters with different heights overlap to realize the wear "relay". In this study, we selected the most suitable design for the project after comparing several cutter heads and cutters layout. Meanwhile, the wear resistance and impact resistance of the alloy blocks were optimized in order to avoid the impact fatigue failure in long-distance excavation. Based on the engineering of the section from Cigezhuang Station to No. 1 Air Shaft in Beijing new airport Metro line, the final cutter head design scheme is obtained through scheme comparison and selection. Furthermore, the cutting tool wear results and tunneling parameters in the tunneling process are analyzed. The data show that the long-distance tunneling in gravel stratum with multi-layer advanced cutters can be divided into two stages: ploughing with high cutter mainly and ploughing with both high and low cutters. In the first stage, the wear coefficient of the 155mm advanced cutters are reduced due to the cutters with 190mm height. In the second stage, the normal tunneling can be maintained within a certain distance, which means that the tunneling distance can be extended. It can provide reference for similar engineering construction in the future.