At present, one of the main functions of rail transit stations is to transport passengers. The construction of rail transit networks promotes the large flow of population, and at the same time produces multi-space scale effects. TOD can meet the diversified functional needs, stimulate the vitality of the city in the affected area, and coor-dinate with the construction of the transit metropolis. Theoretical and practical values of TOD are becoming more prominent. However, the current TOD-related research results are mainly discussed on a single scale, which lacks systematic, multi-scale and multi-dimensional combing. Based on this, the paper analyzes the evolution of TOD theory through the bibliometric method, studies the comprehensive effect of stations under the influence of new urbanism, the effect of agglomeration of stations under the influence of smart growth, the effect of station group structure in the multi-dimensional era, and explores the theoretical connotation of TOD planning and design in different development stages. Comparing the differences of TOD concepts between China and the United States, it is found that the overall density of Chinese cities is high, the density distribution is homogeneous, the commuting time in big cities is long, and the problem of mismatch between job and residence is prominent. In view of the current problems in China, this paper puts forward the development suggestions and strategies of TOD fine design, collaborative planning and space-time interaction from the scale of station, station area and station group, hoping to provide reference for future TOD planning and design.