The subway stations are mostly underground structures, and the ventilation and lighting modes of the stations are mechanical ventilation and artificial lighting. At the same time, the civil engineering investment of the stations with all underground structure is relatively large, and the construction of elevated stations and ground stations will have a certain impact on the regional traffic and regional landscape of the city. This paper analyzes the research background, space design, natural light introduction, fine design scheme and actual operation effect of the station construction through the design cases of four "shallow buried and open cut" rail transit stations which have been built and put into operation. Based on the in-depth study on the site applicability, building energy saving, space effect and other aspects of the station type, it is proposed that the station should be set under the roadside green space in combination with the construction of municipal green belt, so as to reduce the relocation of municipal roads and existing pipelines caused by subway construction. Combined with the characteristics of "open excavation" of station civil structure construction, the buried depth of station structure can be reduced, and the investment can be saved At the same time, it improves the height of the station hall, creates a tall and comfortable rear space, and sets the roof skylight to form the natural lighting and ventilation effect of the station hall, which reduces the investment of the station equipment system and the later operation and maintenance cost. This innovative design idea of green energy saving has been applied in the construction of domestic rail transit. It not only realizes the advantages and applicability of "shallow burying" of the station, achieves the effect of operation economy and energy saving of equipment, but also creates a comfortable and healthy riding environment, which provides innovative ideas for the later design of rail transit station.